From: Paul Fernhout <email@example.com>
I was in an Ecology and Evolution graduate program for a while.
To sum up two years of studies: Evolution happens.
The best one can do is slightly delay this.
People often make major errors in underestimating self-replicating
technology -- for example, Tom Ray himself thought that by evolving code
in a "virtual" environment it would never get out. All one needs is for
the virtual environment to be hooked to a real one somehow, and for all
relevant purposes, the code can evolve and interact with the real
world. Such a link could happen by malicious intent, a design mistake,
or a VM coding bug (the same way problems with some versions of Internet
Explorer can be exploited to modify files on your hard drive.). More
subtly, such a link can take place by evolving systems creating
fascinating patterns that are interpreted by the observing scientist (on
a view screen, or with a code viewer) and cause them to act.
Nano-tech, Robo-tech, Corporate-Tech, Computer-Tech, AI-Tech,
Money-Tech, Meme-tech, Habitat-tech, BioTech -- it makes no difference.
All these systems can evolve if the can replicate something with
variations that are selected for and against somehow.
Technology is an amplifier -- possibly of the tiniest most distasteful
Self-replicating technology is even a greater amplifier.
There will always be disturbed people with significant power -- for
example, imagine what would happen if Bill Gates had a minor stroke in a
part of the brain related to emotional control. Or if that money is left
somehow to disfunctional relations in his will. [He actually says he
will give the bulk to charity]. We might be looking at $100 billion
dollars out of control. (Obviously, on the other hand, Bill Gates could
also invest his money helping save humanity.)
Given the rising magnitude of the money, information, and energy flows
on this planet, I don't see anyway to stop a major singularity or even
greatly impeed it. Gaia is about to give birth to something new. I don't
see any other hope than to surf the evolutionary wave and hope for the
That said, I stoppped doing artifical life over a decade ago in part
because of fear of the consequences and not wanting to contribute to
such disasters. Now that such knowledge has become mainstream and there
are hundreds or thousands of serious ALife practicioners in every field
from finance to scheduling to art, I no longer have the same level of
qualms about my own efforts significantly speeding the problem along.
Real world living systems survive by dispersing, varying, and having
refugia (places to hide from predators). We must do so if we care about
ensuring humans and other biological creatures survive.
I think our best hope for human survival in the next few decades is to
develop a wide variety of self-replicating systems at a macroscopic
level (like space habitats or underwater habitats) capable of sheltering
human and other biological life within. That is my long term interest in
If we worry about fantastic futuristic problems, then we must admit the
possiblity of working towards fantastic futuristic solutions.
Developers of custom software and educational simulations
Creators of the Garden with Insight(TM) garden simulator
Jon Winters wrote:
> Now is the time to consider all theese issues so we can prevent an
> accident in the future.
> A few suggestions that were made in our class were to make the self
> replicating machines in such a way that they can only replicate in certain
> controlled environments that do not exist in nature. (while being flooded
> by X-rays for example) If replicators get released into the wild they will
> die off in one generation.
> Mutants have me worried. Researchers are considering mutation and natural
> selection so that nano machines can evolve and self optimize. Care must
> be taken to prevent them from mutating the security measures mentioned
> I remember reading some stuff written by Tom Ray that talked about letting
> software mutate in the lab and then dis-abling its ability to reproduce
> when it is time to harvest the program and put it to use.
> Can the same concepts be applied to Nanotech?
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This archive was generated by hypermail 2b29 : Tue Mar 14 2000 - 16:13:17 PST