From: Eric Armstrong <email@example.com>
In compiling this list, I am acting as a "DKR" by:
* Condensing information / evaporating the extraneous
* Organizing and presenting the material
* Preserving attributions to contributors
* Recording evaluations
The DKR we build should make those operations as easy
as is feasible so they can applied to every document
in the system.
0.8 More contributions
0.7 Contributions, additions from notes, organizing
Two new sections: "Ongoing Initiatives" +
"Teaching and Learning"
0.6 More additions, including a booklist
(WHAT'S A GOOD READING ORDER?)
0.5 Evaluations section, plus list feedback
0.4 Knowledge Management Links
0.3 A couple of corrections, one addition
0.2 Added bootstrap links, changed title
0.1 Initial version
This page provides a collection of references, starting
* Evaluations (of references in the other sections)
* Book List
* Ongoing Initiatives
* Knowledge Representation
* Knowledge Management
* Teaching and Learning
* Virtual Communities
* Computing / Programming / Development
Evaluations must be by someone other than the
original author and/or contributor.
"I highly recommend Jeff Conklin's paper on IBIS."
"I especially like the Conklin's (gdss) and Shippman's
(formality considered harmful) articles."
Designing Organizational Memory (http://www.gdss.com/DOM.htm)
Wicked Problems (http://www.gdss.com/wicked.htm)
re: The APECKS paper:
"Back up one directory and you get all the papers from KAW98.
Back up another directory and you get all the archived workshops.
What a gold mine :-)" ("Especially note the work of Brian
Gaines and a project called Sysiphus, as well as others with an
underlying notion of ontology") Current favorite book is John F. Sowa,
R. Dawkins, The Selfish Gene
R. Dawkins, The Extended Phenotype
S. Blackmore, The Meme Machine
C. Alexander, A Pattern Language
E. Raymond, The Cathedral and the Bazaar
R. Axelrod, The Evolution of Cooperation
W. Kent, Data & Reality (1978)
H. Rheingold, Tools for Thought
H. Rheingold, The Virtual Community
G. Lamoreaux et al, Learning by Doing in Markets
Category Theory: Mathematics of Relationships
R. Rosen, Life Itself. (Mathematical) [ref: Jack Park]
R. Rosen, Essays on Life Itself
J. Sowa, Knowledge Representation (1999)
J. Laird, et al, Universal Subgoaling and Chunking (1986)
T. Winograd, Bringing Design to Software
T. Gilb, Principles of Software Engineering Management
K. Al-Timimi & J. MacKrell (1996), STEP: Towards Open Systems
J. Fowler (1995), STEP for Data Management, Exchange and
Sharing, Technology Appraisals
J. Owen (1997), STEP - An introduction, 2. edition
D. Schenk & P. Wilson (1994), Information Modeling the
D. Hillis, The Pattern on the Stone: The Simple Ideas That Make
___: Beyond Calculation: The Next Fifty Years of Computing
(Eugene Kim recc's David Gelertner's essay.)
Doug recommended these:
* Authorship provisions in Augment (1984)
* Collaboration Support Provisions in AUGMENT (1984)
* Knowledge-Domain Interoperability and
an Open Hyperdocument System
* Workstation History and the Augmented Knowledge Workshop
Ron Goldman pointed to:
* An Overview of OHS with pointers to important papers:
* Doug's paper: Toward High-Performance Organizations:
A Strategic Role for Groupware
* A list of links to other papers by Doug:
Roy Roebuck suggested these:
* Roy's General Enterprise Dynamic Object - GEDO
An object-management system explored, along with
other concepts and designs at:
* GEDO applied to general DKR:
* ISO/IEC 13250:1999 TopicMap standard
* General object model
* Force's (DMTF) Common Information Model's (CIM) metaschema
* LDAP Object Model
* XML/XLL/XSL and XMI
* InfoMap Multicentric Information Map
* Artificial Brain
* A MindMan MindMap
* Interchange between knowledge tools/stores using XML.
* General Enterprise Management (GEM) tree underlying GEDO
A hierarchy for namespace and categorization management
Philip Gust suggested these document management systems:
Paul Fernhout unearthed these:
* Book: William Kent's Data & Reality (1978)
* Star/Rose (Kent's system)
* Collaborative Virtual Workspace, by MITRE.
* LXR (general hypertext cross-referencing tool):
* Starting points for Mozilla's use of LXR:
* LXR: An example web page for a source file with links:
* Slashdot discussion on Organizing Open Source:
* "Computing's Johnny Appleseed" by J.C.R. Licklider, which
* A related paper by Lick:
Rod Welch gave us these:
* (Doug's) objectives for the Colloquium....
* Rod's brainchild, POIMS: (A tool for) augmenting human
thinking, commonly called "intelligence"
Gil Regev provided these:
* Knoware: a Java applet that implements a collaborative
concept mapping or mind mapping space. The applet relies
on a server that stores all concepts, relationships and
attached document, links in a relational database, and
sends them back to the applet as an XML string. The
applet queries the server through simple http requests."
(Note: The applet was written by Gil.)
Two public sites that demonstrate the tool:
Public site. No cleanup or moderation. Total anarchy.
Discussion following a workshop on multi-cultural
design of collaborative environments.
Includes search capability.
* Principia Cybernetica
* Tom's CSCW & Groupware
* Concept Mapping Homepage
Jack Park added:
By David Gelernter ( who originated Linda, which became
TSpaces, JavaSpaces, and now Jini and a couple of great
* Category-theoretic knowledge models, possibly
capable of allowing for relational knowledge bases,
capable of representing truly complex systems:
Many papers by Robert Rosen:
and Don Mikulecky's home page for deeper discussions
of knowledge representation in complex domains:
Henry van Eyken pointed to:
* Dr. Engelbart's "Air Force" document
* An old, 1945 article by Vannevar Bush, named "As we may think."
* His "Fleabyte Fundamentals: Promoting more meaningful learning"
SubLink: "#Promoting more meaningful learning"
Peter Yim added:
* The "Language/Action Perspective" in system design. Seminal work by
Fernando Flores and Terry Winograd which formed the basis for
products like "the Coordinator", various "Workflow" products (e.g.
Action Technologies' "Metro <http://www.actiontech.com/>), as well
"CIM3" (Computer Integrated Man-Machine Manufacturing), a framework
I started developing in the mid eighties.
* For a starting point, use our (Winograd, Newman & Yim) earlier paper
"Including People in Computer Integrated Manufacturing Designs" (at
Follow the references and links from there...
From John J. Deneen:
* A great tool for measuring collaboration progress anonymously and
performing a "gap analysis" for seeking closure, developed by
E-mail, calendaring, group scheduling, Web access and
Distance learning platform integrating live, asynchronous,
and self-paced content delivery
Real-time collaboration software solution with chat,
whiteboarding and application sharing
Programmable using Java.
Adam Cheyer's Open Agent Architecture
Total Access System (high-performance, accessible UIs)
http://www.geocities.com/~acunu/ (same location)
WBI (web browsing intermediary) and Java development kit for same:
IBM's Transcoding Technology
The CRIT system (some open hyperdocument features using existing
___TBD___ (server location is changing)
Collaborative email/HTML (Berekely startup)
Jack Park writes: See http://www.tunes.org
in particluar the paper on the Arrows system by Brian Rice.
IMHO this is the software project closest to the Rosen's ideas
(which use Category Theory as a Mathematics of Knowledge)
gIBIS is a graphical implementation of the IBIS concept.
Here is background on IBIS:
Here is an abstract of Jeff Conklin's ACM paper:
This page has a link that appears to go the paper, rather
than the abstract, but it wasn't working when I followed it:
A nice diagram of gIBIS concepts:
A summary of IBIS that mentions gIBIS and points the major
difficulty with the system: "cognitive overhead":
"Integrating Voting Techniques into a Discussion Rationale
Gil Regev found:
* QOC -- a Design Rational (DR) Language kind of comparable to
IBIS that focuses on revising the DR (rather than capuring the
process) and promoting reuse.
Jack Park mentioned:
* Constraint Graphs: A Concept Map Meta-Language, by Rob Kremer
(A dissertation that describes the technology under gIBIS.)
* Relational Biology, as evolved from Raschevsky and Rosen
(a dissertation that develops a relational calculus)
(the pdf file is just barely readable)
A paper on knowledge representation:
(it looks readable, although I haven't gone through it)
"Towards Knowledge Representation:
The State of Data and Processing Modeling Standards"
A potentially valuable paper on system called "Grassroots"
that unfortunately has had the line-endings squeezed out
"Groupware for Developing Critical Discussion Skills"
"Supporting Development of Synchronous Collaboration Tools on
the Web with GroCo"
"Negotiating the Construction of Organizational Memory Using
Hypermedia Argument Spaces"
"Hypermedia Version Support for the Online Design Journal"
Hell of a title, but unfortunately the link didn't work:
Sandy Kydd, Alan Dyke, and David Jenkins. Department of
Computing & Information Systems...
Last modified on: 9-Aug-1999 - 13K bytes - in English
"Working Apart Together Foundations for Component Groupware"
(A collection of references. Many downloadable.)
"Capturing Organization Memory"
"Designing Organizational Memory:
Preserving Intellectual Assets in a Knowledge Economy"
"Formality Considered Harmful: Experiences,
Emerging Themes, and Directions"
Design Rationale for Complex System Documentation
Center for Strategic Technology Research:
"Thought Leadership - Insight Lab
The Insight Lab is an immersive environment designed to
support teams who create design requirements documents..."
"Embedding Critics in Design Environments"
"Open Peer Review & Argumentation:
Loosening the Paper Chains on Journals"
"HyperContext: Using Context in Adaptive Hypertext"
"IT and Hypertext: Towards a Literary Renaissance?"
"From a Web to a linear HTML document"
"Expert systems and CYC"
"Practical Knowledge Representation for the Web"
"Community is Knowledge! in (KA)2
"Technologies, techniques, and disciplines in knowledge
"ARTIFICIAL HUMAN NATURE"
"If design can be considered "the conception and planning
of the artificial" then its scope and boundaries are
intimately entwined with our understanding of the
artificial's limits." -Victor Margolin
"What is a Knowledge Representation?"
"Finding and Using Implicit Structure in Human-Organized
Spatial Layouts of Information"
Autonomy (KM systems)
Knowledge Management Consortium
Dataware Knowledge Management Suite
Product Sampler for Knowledge Management Tools
(A collection of links to KM tools)
PolyDoc -- technologies for Knowledge Management
TheBrain.com -- a user interface that organizes digital
information in a single, visual structure.
Collection of pages on Groupware
IBM Knowledge Management
Knowledge Management "Metazine" from Knowledge Transfer Int'l
Domain Knowledge Inc.
"enables users from all levels of an organization to perform detailed
process documentation and knowledge management"
Roy Peas' knowledge network site:
Teaching and Learning
Roy Peas' site for innovative K14 teaching:
Jim Spohrer's "Education Object Economy":
Werner Schaer's Software Productivity Consortium:
"Java Ontology Browser" (a working applet)
"APECKS: A Tool to Support Living Ontologies"
Listed here, but their links appear to be broken:
http://ksi.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/KAW/KAW98/ (All papers from KAW98)
http://ksi.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/KAW/ (Archived workshops)
"An Ontology for Engineering Mathematics"
"How We Might Reach Agreement on Shared Ontologies:
A Fundamental Approach"
"An Ontology Tool for Query Formulation in an Agent-Based
Modeling for Natural Language Understanding
"Ontology Acquisition: Situated Development"
"Ontology Definitions" (part of a slide presentation
that is supposed to go on to cover "Ontological
Book: Laird John, Rosenbloom Paul & Newell Allen:
UNIVERSAL SUBGOALING AND CHUNKING (Kluwer Academics, 1986)
"The book describes in detail an architecture (SOAR) for
Software Agent Technologies
"Modeling and Simulation Literature"
A collection of links:
"Knowledge and Hypermedia"
"World Wide Knowledge Web. concept maps on the Web
(Gaines and Shaw) separate from documents. simple
"semantic network" approach. MIME type and helper... "
Another great title with a link that failed.
"AI on the Web"
Huge collection of links.
"Cyc: The Wright Manhattan Project for AI"
Computer Associates' system based on neural networks:
Neugents -- "Software that can think".
[Note: Personally, I prefer fuzzy logic approaches, because
the understanding is encapsulated in the logic. Learn the
logic, and you acquire the understanding. A neural net, on
the other hand, is just one big black box.]
"Transforming an Existing Organization into a Learning
"Blending Cultural Transformation and Groupware
to Create a Learning Organization"
Harry Rheingold's site:
A Virtual Communities NIC:
The Arachnet Electronic Journal on Virtual Culture
Computing / Programming / Development
A survey of "visual programming" techniques.
(ref. by Howard Golden on extende list)
An open source project to make Java Beans that take XML
(DOM format) as input and pass on XML DOM as output.
(ref. by Howard Golden on extende list)
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