RE: [unrev-II] Reference Materials, v0.5

From: Bernie DeKoven (
Date: Wed Feb 16 2000 - 05:21:32 PST

From: "Bernie DeKoven" <>

First, Eric: Thank you for these efforts. They are an extremely valuable
contribution, both modeling and capturing the process.

Second: Howard Rheingold has a concept he calls "Cybrarian." I believe this
parallels the DKR idea quite closely, adding as well a dimension of online


----- ----- Bernie DeKoven ----- -----

-----Original Message-----
From: Eric Armstrong []
Sent: Tuesday, February 15, 2000 6:49 PM
Subject: [unrev-II] Reference Materials, v0.5

From: Eric Armstrong <>

In compiling this list, I am acting as a "DKR" by:
  * Condensing information / evaporating the extraneous
  * Organizing and presenting the material
  * Preserving attributions to contributors
  * Recording evaluations
The DKR we build should make those operations as easy
as is feasible so they can applied to every document
in the system.

Version History
  0.5 Evaluations section, plus list feedback
  0.4 Knowledge Management Links
  0.3 A couple of corrections, one addition
  0.2 Added bootstrap links, changed title
  0.1 Initial version

  [Q: Should I truncate this list down to the
      most recent version only?]

This page provides a collection of references, starting
  * Evaluations (of references in the other sections)
  * Bootstrap/DKR/OHS
  * Knowledge Representation
  * Knowledge Management
  * Ontologies
  * Organizations
  * Virtual Communities

Eric Armstrong
  "I highly recommend Jeff Conklin's paper on IBIS."

Gil Regev
  "I especially like the Conklin's (gdss) and Shippman's
(formality considered harmful) articles."
Designing Organizational Memory (
Wicked Problems (

Jack Park
  re: The APECKS paper:
"Back up one directory and you get all the papers from KAW98.
Back up another directory and you get all the archived workshops.
What a gold mine :-)"

Ron Goldman pointed to:
  * An Overview of OHS with pointers to important papers:
  * A list of links to other papers by Doug:

In particular, these papers of Doug's:
  * Authorship provisions in Augment (1984)
  * Collaboration Support Provisions in AUGMENT (1984)
  * Toward High-Performance Organizations:
    A Strategic Role for Groupware

Roy Roebuck suggested these:
  * Roy's General Enterprise Dynamic Object - GEDO
    An object-management system explored, along with
    other concepts and designs at:
  * GEDO applied to general DKR:
  * ISO/IEC 13250:1999 TopicMap standard
  * General object model
  * Force's (DMTF) Common Information Model's (CIM) metaschema
  * LDAP Object Model
  * InfoMap Multicentric Information Map
  * Artificial Brain
  * A MindMan MindMap
  * Interchange between knowledge tools/stores using XML.
  * General Enterprise Management (GEM) tree underlying GEDO
    A hierarchy for namespace and categorization management

Philip Gust suggested these document management systems:
  * Documentum
  * INSO
  * COI

Paul Fernhout unearthed these:
  * Book: William Kent's Data & Reality (1978)
  * Star/Rose (Kent's system)
  * Collaborative Virtual Workspace, by MITRE.
  * LXR (general hypertext cross-referencing tool):
  * Starting points for Mozilla's use of LXR:
  * LXR: An example web page for a source file with links:
  * Slashdot discussion on Organizing Open Source:

Rod Welch gave us these:
  * (Doug's) objectives for the Colloquium....
  * POIMS: Augmenting human thinking, commonly called

Gil Regev provided these:
  * Knoware: a Java applet that implements a collaborative concept
    mapping or mind mapping space. The applet relies on a server
    that stores all concepts, relationships and attached documents
    and links in a relational database and sends them back to the
    applet as an XML string. The applet queries the server through
    simple http requests." (written by Gil)
    Two public sites that demonstrate the tool:
        Public site. No cleanup or moderation. Total anarchy.
        Discussion following a workshop on multi-cultural design of
        collaborative environments. Includes search capability.
  * Principia Cybernetica
  * Tom's CSCW & Groupware
  * Concept Mapping Homepage\

  * Notes
    E-mail, calendaring, group scheduling, Web access and info. mgt
  * LearningSpace
    Distance learning platform integrating live, asynchronous,
    and self-paced content delivery
  * Sametime
    Real-time collaboration software solution with chat,
    whiteboarding and application sharing

gIBIS is a graphical implementation of the IBIS concept.

Here is background on IBIS:

Here is an abstract of Jeff Conklin's ACM paper:

This page has a link that appears to go the paper, rather
  than the abstract, but it wasn't working when I followed it:

A nice diagram of gIBIS concepts:

A summary of IBIS that mentions gIBIS and points the major
  difficulty with the system: "cognitive overhead":

"Integrating Voting Techniques into a Discussion Rationale
  Model-based GDSS"

Knowledge Representation
A paper on knowledge representation:
(it looks readable, although I haven't gone through it)

"Towards Knowledge Representation:
  The State of Data and Processing Modeling Standards"

A potentially valuable paper on system called "Grassroots"
  that unfortunately has had the line-endings squeezed out
  of it:

"Groupware for Developing Critical Discussion Skills"

"Supporting Development of Synchronous Collaboration Tools on
  the Web with GroCo"

"Negotiating the Construction of Organizational Memory Using
  Hypermedia Argument Spaces"

"Hypermedia Version Support for the Online Design Journal"
  Hell of a title, but unfortunately the link didn't work:
  Sandy Kydd, Alan Dyke, and David Jenkins. Department of
  Computing & Information Systems...
Last modified on: 9-Aug-1999 - 13K bytes - in English

"Working Apart Together Foundations for Component Groupware"
(A collection of references. Many downloadable.)

"Capturing Organization Memory"

"Designing Organizational Memory:
  Preserving Intellectual Assets in a Knowledge Economy"

"Formality Considered Harmful: Experiences,
  Emerging Themes, and Directions"

Design Rationale for Complex System Documentation

Center for Strategic Technology Research:
  "Thought Leadership - Insight Lab
  The Insight Lab is an immersive environment designed to
  support teams who create design requirements documents..."

"Embedding Critics in Design Environments"

"Open Peer Review & Argumentation:
  Loosening the Paper Chains on Journals"

"HyperContext: Using Context in Adaptive Hypertext"

"IT and Hypertext: Towards a Literary Renaissance?"

"From a Web to a linear HTML document"

"Expert systems and CYC"

"Practical Knowledge Representation for the Web"

"Community is Knowledge! in (KA)2

"Technologies, techniques, and disciplines in knowledge

  "If design can be considered "the conception and planning
  of the artificial" then its scope and boundaries are
  intimately entwined with our understanding of the
  artificial's limits." -Victor Margolin

"What is a Knowledge Representation?"

"Finding and Using Implicit Structure in Human-Organized
  Spatial Layouts of Information"

Knowledge Management
Autonomy (KM systems)

Knowledge Management Consortium

Dataware Knowledge Management Suite

Product Sampler for Knowledge Management Tools
(A collection of links to KM tools)

PolyDoc -- technologies for Knowledge Management -- a user interface that organizes digital
information in a single, visual structure.

Collection of pages on Groupware

IBM Knowledge Management

Knowledge Management "Metazine" from Knowledge Transfer Int'l

Domain Knowledge Inc.
"enables users from all levels of an organization to perform detailed
process documentation and knowledge management"

"Java Ontology Browser" (a working applet)

"APECKS: A Tool to Support Living Ontologies"
  Listed here, but their links appear to be broken: (All papers from KAW98) (Archived workshops)


"An Ontology for Engineering Mathematics"

"How We Might Reach Agreement on Shared Ontologies:
  A Fundamental Approach"

"An Ontology Tool for Query Formulation in an Agent-Based

Modeling for Natural Language Understanding

"Ontology Acquisition: Situated Development"

"Ontology Definitions" (part of a slide presentation
  that is supposed to go on to cover "Ontological
  Enterprise Modeling"

Book: Laird John, Rosenbloom Paul & Newell Allen:
  "The book describes in detail an architecture (SOAR) for
  general intelligence..."

Software Agent Technologies

"Modeling and Simulation Literature"
A collection of links:

"Knowledge and Hypermedia"
  "World Wide Knowledge Web. concept maps on the Web
  (Gaines and Shaw) separate from documents. simple
  "semantic network" approach. MIME type and helper... "
Another great title with a link that failed.

"AI on the Web"
Huge collection of links.

"Cyc: The Wright Manhattan Project for AI"

Computer Associates' system based on neural networks:
  Neugents -- "Software that can think".
[Note: Personally, I prefer fuzzy logic approaches, because
the understanding is encapsulated in the logic. Learn the
logic, and you acquire the understanding. A neural net, on
the other hand, is just one big black box.]

"Transforming an Existing Organization into a Learning

"Blending Cultural Transformation and Groupware
  to Create a Learning Organization"

Virtual Communities
A Virtual Communities NIC:

The Arachnet Electronic Journal on Virtual Culture

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