Re: [unrev-II] Proposal: Geocasting OHS/DKR in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks,and Monitoring Wireless Internet Sensors linked to Digital Earth

From: John J. Deneen (
Date: Mon Jun 12 2000 - 18:17:43 PDT

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    Bootstrap Institute's Vision


    This technical report considers the problem of providing a geocast
    service, which is useful for sending messages to everyone in a specified
    geographical region, in mobile ad hoc networks. In the report, a novel
    geocasting algorithm combining unicasting and flooding is proposed for
    an efficient geocast packet delivery. TORA (unicast) routing protocol is
    first modified to be able to perform "anycasting" service. Our
    geocasting algorithm is then obtained using a small variation on the
    anycasting protocol.

    Digital Earth pointers:
    DEVELOP (Digital Earth Virtual Environment & Learning Outreach Project)

    National Biological Information Infrastructure

    CAMESA (Consortium for Advancing the Monitoring of Ecosystem
    Sustainability in the Americas)

    Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

    There are now several schools using the Electronic Laboratory Notebook
    (ELN) as a way to keep students (high school through graduate level) and
    mentors in contact. The ELN allows groups to "publish" text, screen
    captures, equations, data files, etc. to a password restricted web
    notebook organized into chapters and pages.

    DOE2000 Electronic Notebook Project Summary

    If the info above is of interest to the Bootstrap Institute, then maybe
    we can pitch a proposal to NSF and/or philanthropy VCs for early stage
    venture investing? Since, as OHS/DKR collaborators on Dave Huges' Bio.
    Sci by Wireless Projects, Dr. Engelbart of the Bootstrap Institute and
    our new team at SRI could be CoDIAK developers based on our augmentation
    of the Electronic Lab Notebook and the Federal Digital Earth Initiative
    (see background info below)?

    Background Info
    Biological Science by Wireless Project Plan

    Dave Hughes, co-owner of Old Colorado City Communications has won a 3
    Year $1,029,000 continuing grant by the National Science Foundation to
    develop models using advanced wireless technologies to assist Biological
    Scientists gathering scientific data from remote and difficult locations
    and communicate it over the Internet. The first year award is $384,830,
    with work starting September 15th, 1999.

    The biological science by wireless grant, ANI-9909218, is officially
    titled "Prototype Testing and Evaluation of Wireless Instrumentation for
    Ecological Research at Remote Field Locations." The award has been made
    through Hughes's small business, Old Colorado City Communications, as
    the fiduciary and administrative host organization. Hughes is the
    Principal Investigator and responsible for the work to be done. He has
    selected several assistants, including Mike Willett of Open Minds of
    Colorado Springs who specializes in wireless engineering. Hughes'
    partner, Larry Fox, who has extensive experience in 3rd World countries,
    will administer the grant. Don Mitchell of the National Science
    Foundation oversees the grant project for the NSF.

    Initially the 3 years of experiments and development will take place
    concurrently in the rain forests of Puerto Rico and the frozen lakes
    region of Northern Wisconsin. University scientists in both places are
    involved in Long Term Ecological Research. Hughes findings will
    initially be shared with the 1,200 US scientists working at 21 other NSF
    funded Biological Sciences field sites across the US. However the work
    will be useful for scientific field research anywhere in the world says
    Hughes. The wireless links will involve satellite connections as well as
    new forms of terrestrial wireless using a variety of solar, wind, or
    water generated electrical power to run miniaturized computer systems
    and wireless devices.

    As an example, Hughes may use small spread spectrum radios to
    communicate continuously the night sounds of 'Coqui' - the
    thumnail-sized, unique frogs of Puerto Rico from a mountain top in the
    El Junque rain forest. Historically researchers have had to climb wet
    Mount Toro for hours after dark and use tape recorders from a blind for
    a few hours at a time to capture the sounds from a rare sub-species of
    Eleutherodactylus. Hughes expects when he is done, that anyone connected
    to the Internet in laboratories, science classes in schools, or even at
    home, can listen in real time to the rare tiny frogs. "It may sound like

    an adventure game," says Hughes "but it will support serious scientific
    research. I'll have a ball doing it, however." Other applications will
    link sensors measuring such things as chemistry, effects of light,
    growth, weather, and water properties in multiple environments.

    Hughes, 71, has been developing original Internet applications for
    wireless communications for the past 8 years, having connected up rural
    schools in the San Luis Valley, science educators to polluted streams in
    Montana, public libraries in Mongolia, and the historical web site in
    the Old Colorado City Colorado district of Colorado Springs. This is the
    5th National Science Foundation award for Hughes, who was named last
    year by Wired Magazine as one of the most original 'Wired 25' innovators
    in the world. He has been most recently published in Scientific
    American, and the MIT Press.

    The NSF wireless field tests web site will
    be expanded to carry running reports on this new project.

    The Federal Digital Earth Initiative
    FGDC Executive Order 12906
    .... The Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) is tasked by Executive
    Order 12906 to develop procedures and assist in the implementation of a
    distributed discovery mechanism for digital geospatial data. Using the
    data elements defined in the Content Standards for Digital Geospatial
    Metadata, governmental, non-profit, and commercial participants
    worldwide can make their collections of spatial information searchable
    and accessible on the Internet using free reference implementation
    software developed by the FGDC. The Geospatial Data Clearinghouse is a
    collection of over 100 spatial data servers, that have digital
    geographic data primarily for use in Geographic Information Systems
    (GIS), image processing systems, and other modelling software. In April,
    2000 the FGDC announced the availability of a free Metadata Workbook.


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